What are the Types of Hernia That Affect People?

So you have noticed a slight bulge near your belly button when you coughed last night. And suddenly now, as you lie down on your side this bulge seems to have gone and your body looks the same, then it might be due to a problem which is known as hernia—but what is hernia, exactly?

What is hernia?

Hernia is generally defined as a bulge or protrusion of a bodily organ through the fatty membrane or muscles that usually contain it. A hernia happens when a fatty tissue or an organ pushes through an area of weakness in your surrounding connective tissue or muscle. This is why you see it only when you are standing up or sitting and not while you are lying down.

·        It is often caused due to a bulge or swelling which is often aggravated when coughing, sneezing, straining or standing.

·        Some hernias flatten out when you lie down or push on them gently.

What causes a hernia?

Most hernias occur due to one of the two reason or combination- which include muscle/ connective tissue weakness and increased pressure on the abdominal wall. Some hernia facts:

·        A hernia can be also present at birth, or develop during one’s life

·        The likelihood of a person developing hernia grows as a man ages

·        Hernias have more chances of occurring in men than in women

·        Certain activities increase the likelihood of the condition such as lifting heavy object, constant constipation and coughing to name a few.

Not All hernias are the same:

·        Inguinal hernia

This usually happens when fatty tissue or part of the intestine protrudes through to the inguinal canal in the groin.

·        Femoral hernia

This happens when the fatty tissue or part of the intestine protrudes through the muscles through to the canal that contains your femoral artery.

·        Incisional hernia

This happens when the intestine protrudes through the abdominal walls where there was surgery done once.

·        Umbilical hernia

This happens when fatty tissue or part of the small intestine protrudes through the abdominal wall near the belly button/ navel.


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