What to Know about Kidney Stones

Our bodies have funny ways of reacting to some excess situations in the environment or inside the body, if the sole of your feet rub excessively against the shoes, there are blisters which are formed to protect the underlying layers. If you breathe in too much dust in the air then you cough it out to get rid of it. And if you have an imbalance of liquids and nutrients then there are chances of kidney stones being formed.

It is seen that kidney stones has caused the most patients to go to the emergency room, every year there are 1 million people who visit the hospital due to kidney stones. Kidney stones are a common urinary tract disorder.

Who is at more risk for Kidney Stones?

Although some people are more susceptible to kidney stones, there are some cases which may lead to more chances of kidney stones.

  • If you have had kidney stones before, there are chances that it may reoccur again once in 5 to 7 years.
  • Men get more kidney stones than women
  • Overweight people have more risks for kidney stones

Kidney stones are formed when the urine has excess of substances such as calcium, sodium or animal protein which becomes highly concentrated. This may be caused due to a wrong diet or not drinking enough water.

The kidney stones can be size of sand or the size of a pearl, and in some extreme cases it can be the size of golf balls.

The smaller stones will pass through the body easily, while the bigger stones may require some professional help. In some extreme cases, kidney stones can get blocked in the urinary tract, and cause bleeding and extreme painfulness.

The signs of a stone that may require professional help include:

  • Burning when you urinate
  • Urine that smells bad or appears cloudy
  • Extreme pain in your back or side, the pain typically does not go away
  • Fevers and chills
  • Blood in the urine
  • Vomiting

 

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