Facts and Myths of Bariatric Surgery
Obesity is the one of the leading reason for patients considering bariatric surgery. So much so that India is the third most obese country in the world. Obesity is caused due to many psychological and physiological factors that contribute to it and is easily misunderstood. There are no two people who have the same metabolism type and body type, thus what may work for some people may not work for others.
Bariatric surgery is a surgical procedure which gives people a new lease on life. But as with other form of treatments there are many misconceptions which people are hesitant about talking to their doctors about this treatment.
Anybody is a candidate for Bariatric Surgery?
Bariatric surgery is procedures which can help patients lose upto 50% of their excess weight and that too in 6 months. The right candidate for bariatric surgery are:
- A person with a BMI of 40 or over and is unable to lose weight using diet and exercise
- A person with a BMI of 35 or above, and is suffering from hypertension, diabetes, sleep apnea and arthritis
- A person with a BMI of 30 or below, but is suffering from certain health complications needing him to undergo surgery.
Are all Bariatric Surgeries same?
The approach to bariatric surgery depends on the patient profile and your surgeon:
Gastric bypass surgery: in this type of surgery the stomach is divided into smaller pouch to reduce the food intake. This type of surgery is recommended to patients who are morbidly obese with a BMI>40 and those suffering from diabetes.
Gastric band surgery: in this type of surgery a band is placed around the stomach which helps reduce the intake of food. This is a reversible procedure. This type of surgery is recommended for those who are extremely disciplined and want to remove the band around the stomach after weight loss.
Sleeve gastrectomy: the stomach is cut off leaving a banana-sized portion late. This is the most common weight-loss procedure recommended. Due to a portion of the stomach being cut off, the hunger hormone ghrelin is suppressed, resulting in a decrease of appetite.